Natural resources can contribute to conflict, especially when the state does not have complete territorial sovereignty. Premature exploitation of Afghanistan’s mineral resources potential could fuel another generation of conflict in the war-torn country. A. In total, the number of mineral fields containing different minerals is at least 1400. Afghanistan is endowed with a wealth of natural resources, including extensive deposits of natural gas, petroleum, coal, marble, gold, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and … The USGS participated in collaborative projects in Afghanistan’s natural resource sector from the 1950s through the early 1970s. The newly founded natural resources of Afghanistan will play a magnificent role in economic growth of the country. Estimates place the oil deposits in the country at around 3.8 billion barrels, mostly in the provinces of Jawzjan and Balkh.Â, Further studies by the Afghan Ministry of Mines and Industry and the United States Geological Survey showed that the country has significant untapped resources in its northern region. Estimates place the oil deposits in the country at around 3.8 billion barrels, mostly in the provinces of Jawzjan and Balkh. –Afghanistan –China border (terrain issues and resources) –Afghanistan –British India/Pakistan border (ethnicity, Durand Line, water) –Afghanistan –Persia/Iran border (water, dams, & resource issues) –Afghanistan –Russian/Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Tajikistan border (rivers) • 10. The latest study on mineral deposits found Afghanistan's potential lithium deposits as large as Bolivia Lithium deposits, which currently has the world's … Natural resources: This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements (REEs). This is a big possibility in Afghanistan, where according to the new data released by US forces in Afghanistan, 30% of districts are contested or are under the insurgent influence. Metal resources include copper, chromite, lead, zinc and iron ore. Industrial minerals include talc, barite, sulfur, salt, precious and semiprecious gemstones. Afghanistan’s harsh conditions and rough terrain impede the expansion and maintenance of public infrastructure, including water supply and sanitation systems. The value of untapped minerals is estimated to stand at $3 trillion. Natural gas fields are scattered throughout much of Afghanistan. The fact that Afghanistan sits on a wealth of (strategic) natural resources was recognized indirectly back in 2010 when the Afghan ministry of mines rolled out a $1b (!) According to a joint study by The Pentag Natural gas was Afghanistan's only economically significant export in 1995, going mainly to Uzbekistan via pipelines from northern Afghanistan, which at the time was controlled by Junbish-i-Milli. Similar to copper, gold mining started only in 2006. Qargha Lake. Afghan officials hope fresh bids to come and develop other mineral fields with similar commitments as Chinese Metallic Mining Group who won a $4 billion contact to build infrastructure in the country. Metal resources include copper, chromite, lead, zinc and iron ore. Industrial minerals include talc, barite, sulfur, salt, precious and semiprecious gemstones. According to a 2015 report by the Afghanistan Natural Resources Oversight Network, there are more than 2,000 sites run by smugglers or insurgents without licenses or oversight. Even more impressive is the fact that only 6% of the total cultivable land in the country is utilized. Climate change also poses a threat to Afghanistan’s natural resources, of which the majority of Afghans depend for their livelihoods. Since the dawn of time Afganistan has been considered one of the poorest countries. –Afghanistan –Persia/Iran border (water, dams, & resource issues) –Afghanistan –Russian/Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Tajikistan border (rivers) • 10. The mineral reserves may transform Afghanistan into a peaceful country or they may lead it to even more prevalent conflict. As of 2002, other operational gas fields were located at Djarquduk , Khowaja Gogerdak , and Yatimtaq , … USAID is supporting the Government of Afghanistan's efforts to operate and maintain existing infrastructure, invest in expanding access to electricity, and stimulate private sector inve… The value of untapped minerals is estimated to stand at $3 trillion. An estimated 70-80 per cent of Afghans rely on agriculture, animal husbandry and artisanal mining for their daily survival. Additional deposits of gold and copper worth about $50 billion also exist in Ghazni province. Amu River basin The sedimentary crude oil zone of Amu River is situated in the north and northwest of the country bordering Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. Although Afghanistan has limited water resources, it does not make effective use of what is available. Breaking News. Natural gas, oil and coal are present in commercial quantities. The Government Critics of the war in Afghanistan have been skeptical that the dollar amount of the country's untapped natural resources are being promoted at a time when violence is on the rise and the international community is hungry for positive developments in the nearly 9-years of U.S war. Agriculture is the backbone of the Afghan economy… Since then, only 2% of the total area of Afghanistan is forested.Â, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Countries With the Most Natural Resources. Most of the farmers specialize in the rearing of sheep due to the traditional popularity of mutton. Afghanistan Natural Resources Secure Its Developments. Historically, copper exists in Afghan provinces such as Herat, Farah, Kandahar, Kapisa, and Zabul. And the third is to the Afghan people, to support peace and benefit from the untapped wealth.". What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Mexico? Shroder, John F. 338.483.11(581) S576 [17-03-2300070915] “Families can go for picnic during day and … Fishing is also a favorite activity that is made possible by the high number of water bodies such as rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. Animal husbandry, which includes sedentary and nomadic husbandry, is also a critical part of the economy. AFGHANISTAN'S MINERAL RESOURCES: LCCATIONS, POTENTIALS, AND INFORMATION SOURCES Introduction Identity and LocaHon of Afghanistan's Mineral Resources Potential Smelting Operations Ainak Copper Hajigak Iron Hydrocarbon Resources Petroleum Natural Gas Cosl Hydroelectric Power Recent Maps, Inventories, and Studies of Afghanistan's Mineral Resources On the other hand, the Afghan and international critics believe that newly discovered natural resources could lead Afghanistan to further instability as the Taliban militants and warlords are fighting even harder to control the territory of natural resources. ’ s harsh conditions and rough terrain impede the expansion and maintenance of public infrastructure made. Make front page news about Afghanistan nomadic husbandry, which includes sedentary and nomadic husbandry, which includes and... Book couples these details with the challenges of … Qargha Lake harsh conditions and rough terrain impede the expansion maintenance. 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