In the case of long-distance travel, trains are more sustainable than airplanes, which cause a great deal of the CO 2 emitted into the atmosphere. A view of Dotson ice shelf in West Antarctica taken in January 2009 aboard the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer after deploying an autonomous underwater vehicle under Pine Island ice shelf. Scientists worry about the ice melting due to environmental issues such as climate change. Climate change is expected to increase the number of fish in the Arctic, as species from more southern climates move north in search of colder waters. Climate change is affecting the most vulnerable in Zimbabwe. Antarctica's Effect on Sea Level Rise in Coming Centuries There are two primary causes of global mean sea level rise ... With the Arctic showing more extreme indications of climate change, researchers have found that the movement patterns of animals in the region are … The SRES team has not determined probabilities for the different scenarios, and none of the scenarios assumed intervention by governments to reduce human effects on the global climate system. Dr Tas van Ommen — Climate Processes and Change Theme Leader. Many nations have put laws into place to fight climate change -- here’s what you can do. The Effects of Climate Change in Zimbabwe. Antarctica and its surrounding ocean are dominated and shaped by the presence of snow and ice. Climate change is one of the greatest contemporary threats to our planet’s environmental, social and economic well-being, accompanied by major changes in life support systems on Earth, where the far-reaching effects will be felt in the coming decades. In Antarctica, climate change is having a range of impacts, from ocean acidification (which is more pronounced in colder waters) to warming temperatures (the Western Antarctic Peninsula is one of the fastest warming places on the planet), and loss of sea ice. Climate change Home About Antarctica Weather and climate Climate change. They found that human-induced climate change has caused a long-term change in the winds, and that as a result, warm ocean conditions have gradually become more prevalent. Climate change poses a wide range of risks to population health. Reduce emissions. Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. But this unique environment also influences the global climate … The effects of climate change. Last week, the chief economist of the International Energy Agency announced that global CO2 emissions had been flat in 2014 for the first time in four decades without an accompanying economic downturn, while the global economy grew by 3 percent. More fish can be a good thing, but it can also mean that additional new predators could appear in the Arctic in the future, and other parasites, which could bring an increase in disease. If global climate change continues on its current trajectory, these risks will increase in future decades to potentially critical levels. A two-foot rise would flood tens of millions of people living in low-lying areas. "It's a big, heavy ship that you can't turn easily." There could be serious implication for biodiversity on Antarctica, with ice-free areas on the continent expected to increase by up to 25 per cent by the end of the century because of climate change. Climate change has evident effects on ecosystems and people. 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