The diminishment of Arctic sea ice has led to increased human activities in the Arctic, and has heightened interest in, and concerns about, the region’s future. Earth is our only home and we must do everything we can to protect it. The climate of the Arctic is characterized by long, cold winters and short, cool summers. "We see the impact of Arctic warming in the form of unprecedented heat waves, floods, droughts, wildfire that we are now contending with here in the US and around the rest of the world.". The diminishment of Arctic ice could lead in coming years to increased commercial shipping on two trans-Arctic sea routes—the Northern Sea Route close to Russia, and the Northwest Passage close to Alaska and through the Canadian archipelago—though the rate of increase in the use of these routes might not be as great as sometimes anticipated in press accounts. Under the Endangered Species Act, the polar bear was listed as threatened on May 15, 2008. The Arctic environment is being affected by events taking place far outside the region. 1 of 6. Without urgent action to cut greenhouse gas emissions, the world will continue to feel the effects of a warming Arctic: rising sea levels, changes in climate and precipitation patterns, increasing severe weather events, and loss of fish stocks, birds and marine mammals. It has been connected to increased winter storminess in the east of the US, says climate scientist Jennifer Francis of the Woodwell Climate Research Center in Massachusetts. International guidelines for ships operating in Arctic waters have been recently updated. Arctic marine changes. He will fully integrate climate change into our foreign policy and national security strategies, as well as our approach to trade. This specialization starts with an in-depth look at the physical geography of the Arctic and its key climate features, including the ocean's floating sea ice cover, the Greenland Ice Sheet, and patterns of temperature, precipitation, snow cover and permafrost. It has just declared its first case of community transmission, 'It's not safe': Charity's iconic Sydney Christmas party falls victim to COVID-19, Decades of pandering to stars at Australian Open not enough to guarantee they'll pay their own way during COVID-19, An entire pen of Atlantic salmon escape from a southern Tasmanian fish farm, Najam's home keeps him awake at night — he says new laws won't fix it. In the 1980s, the ice cover was about 2.7 million square kilometres bigger than current summer levels. The following is the Nov. 4, 2019, Congressional Research Service report, Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress. The geopolitical environment for the Arctic has been substantially affected by the renewal of great power competition. All parts of the cryosphere are sensitive to climate change, and they all play important roles in the global climate system. The Arctic is warming at a rate of almost twice the global average. Climate change discovery: Sea ice in Arctic rivers melting internally . The Coast Guard has two operational polar icebreakers and has received funding for the procurement of the first of at least three planned new polar icebreakers. China’s growing diplomatic, economic, and scientific activities in the Arctic have become a matter of increasing curiosity or concern among the Arctic states and other observers. The Arctic & Climate change. Action. On July 29, 2020, the Trump Administration announced that career diplomat James (Jim) DeHart would be the U.S. coordinator for the Arctic region. The United States is not a party to UNCLOS. Temperatures for much of the year were 8 to 10 degrees Celsius above normal in the Siberian Arctic. 98-373 of July 31, 1984) “provide[s] for a comprehensive national policy dealing with national research needs and objectives in the Arctic.” The National Science Foundation (NSF) is the lead federal agency for implementing Arctic research policy. At a time when other military news outlets have been furloughing or laying off staff during the largest national security crisis since 2001, USNI News ramped up coverage and generated more web traffic in the last six months than in the previous two years. Arctic sea ice reaches its low point in September and its high in March after the winter. Since the 1950s a stark rise in global temperatures has been observed. An arctic fox tracked with a satellite collar carries a goose egg on Bylot Island, Nunavut, in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Russia in recent years has enhanced its military presence and operations in the Arctic, and the United States, Canada, and the Nordic countries have responded with their own increased presence and operations. It focuses on strengthening international cooperation, tackling climate change, enhancing environmental protection and promoting sustainable development in this region of enormous environmental and economic importance. Under the Endangered Species Act, the polar bear was listed as threatened on May 15, 2008. The dramatic loss of ice and erratic weather caused by climate change are putting unprecedented pressure on Arctic Peoples, testing their adaptive capacities and threatening their way of life. The Arctic is warming more rapidly than most other parts of the world, and many impacts of climate change are now observed throughout the region. Climate change is warming up the Arctic twice as fast as the rest of the world. It has been connected to increased winter storminess in the east of the US, says climate scientist Jennifer Francis of the Woodwell Climate Research Center in Massachusetts. NSIDC director Mark Serreze said a Siberian heat wave last spring and a natural Arctic climate phenomenon were at play, as well as the warming from the burning of coal, oil and natural gas. This has ramifications for the entire planet, as change spreads through interconnected global networks that are environmental, cultural, economic and political. Warming that causes permafrost to melt could pose challenges to onshore exploration activities. … Arctic climate change is also expected to affect the economies, health, and cultures of Arctic indigenous peoples. Updated 1513 GMT (2313 HKT) September 25, 2020 . Now that a vaccine has been approved, does that mean we can fly overseas soon? "What happens in the Arctic, as we say, doesn't stay in the Arctic," Pennsylvania State University climate scientist Michael Mann wrote in an email. Climate change in the Arctic Earth's northernmost regions are a global warming hotspot, with some areas experiencing up to three times the warming of the rest of the world, Casas-Prat said. Stand up to the abuse of power by polluters who disproportionately harm communities of color and low-income communities. Newsroom. By Richard Stone Sep. 9, 2020 , 11:55 AM. Arctic climate change is also expected to affect the economies, health, and cultures of Arctic indigenous peoples. Climate change affecting Arctic animal behaviour. Offered by University of Colorado Boulder. There is a large amount of variability in climate across the Arctic, but all regions experience extremes of solar radiation in both summer and winter. Cleaning up oil spills in ice-covered waters will be more difficult than in other areas, primarily because effective strategies for cleaning up oil spills in ice-covered waters have yet to be developed. This research will develop a better understanding of, and ability to predict, Arctic marine changes. The white area shows the average minimum extent of sea ice in summer as of 1975. Climate components in the Arctic. What happens in the Arctic will have global repercussions on accelerating cli… The Arctic Research and Policy Act (ARPA) of 1984 (Title I of P.L. 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The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) sets forth a comprehensive regime of law and order in the world’s oceans, including the Arctic Ocean. This year's melt is second only to 2012, when the ice shrank to 3.4 million square kilometres, according to the US National Snow and Ice Data Centre (NSIDC), which has been keeping satellite records since 1979. This service may include material from Agence France-Presse (AFP), APTN, Reuters, AAP, CNN and the BBC World Service which is copyright and cannot be reproduced. From September to March, the amount of sea ice in the Arctic can double or triple. Changes in the Arctic could affect threatened and endangered species, and could result in migration of fish stocks to new waters. As climate change is a circumpolar challenge, the EU is ready to work with the Arctic states, indigenous peoples and relevant Arctic regional and multilateral fora to share experience, expertise and information on climate change, impacts, adaptation and resilience, with a view to developing an ambitious climate adaptation agenda for the Arctic region. The Arctic is characterised by distinct components consisting of water in frozen form: glaciers, snow, permafrost and iced-over water. Record low extents of Arctic sea ice over the past decade have focused scientific and policy attention on links to global climate change and projected ice-free seasons in the Arctic within decades. In a Nov. 16 correspondence in the journal Nature Climate Change, Screen suggested that evidence for mid-latitude impacts of Arctic warming has weakened since 2016. The first Arctic-focused collection of animal tracking studies reveals variations in wildlife migration, reproduction and daily movements. Vulnerable communities are disproportionately impacted by the climate emergency and pollution. A new integrated EU policy for the Arctic has been adopted. The Arctic Council, created in 1996, is the leading international forum for addressing issues relating to the Arctic. Justis Huni wants it all. Greenland glaciers are now releasing hundreds of gigatonnes of melted ice into the oceans each year. These changes have potential consequences for weather in the United States, access to mineral and biological resources in the Arctic, the economies and cultures of peoples in the region, and national security. Ice in the Arctic Ocean melted to its second-lowest level on record this summer, triggered by global warming along with natural forces, say US scientists. These changes are most likely caused by a combination of natural variability of the high-latitude climate system, anthropogenic changes in the radiation balance and subsequently in atmospheric and oceanic heat transports, and feedbacks in the air/sea-ice/ocean coupled system. The Department of Defense (DOD) and the Coast Guard are devoting increased attention to the Arctic in their planning and operations. News Stories Publications The Circle. Climate change adaptation is a pressing issue in Greenland.The term climate change describes long-term changes to the climate system. Perhaps the most well-known example is climate change, a phenomenon which originates outside the Arctic but is having a significant impact on the region’s unique and fragile environment. Places. Although there continues to be significant international cooperation on Arctic issues, the Arctic is increasingly viewed as an arena for geopolitical competition among the United States, Russia, and China. Published online 6 November 2020 . As the Arctic thaws, Indigenous Alaskans demand a voice in climate change research. Summer sea ice extent has declined by 45% over the last three decades, allowing increased shipping activity. The Arctic Ocean and Climate Change: A Scenario for the US Navy. A British teenager staged a sit-in on an Arctic ice floe to protest climate change. This video focuses on the problems faced by the Arctic. ways to prepare and adjust under changing vulnerabilities become important. By MATTHEW LEE May 7, 2019 GMT. The last in a series on Climate Change. While climate change may be abstract in some places, here in the Arctic it is concrete, and becoming unsettlingly familiar. Increased oil and gas exploration and tourism (cruise ships) in the Arctic increase the risk of pollution in the region. These components together form the cryosphere. Studies show that the warming of the Arctic and the melting of sea ice change weather further south by altering the jet stream and other waves that move weather systems. Key U.S. policy documents relating to the Arctic include National Security Presidential Directive 66/Homeland Security Presidential Directive 25 (NSPD 66/HSPD 25) of January 9, 2009; the National Strategy for the Arctic Region of May 10, 2013; the January 30, 2014, implementation plan for the 2013 national strategy; and Executive Order 13689 of January 21, 2015, on enhancing coordination of national efforts in the Arctic. What has South Australia's messy lockdown done for its coronavirus response? Changes in Arctic climate are a result of complex interactions between the cryosphere, atmosphere, and ocean and different processes contribute to the amplified warming signal such as the ice albedo feedback, changes in clouds and water vapour, enhanced meridional energy transport in the atmosphere and in the ocean, vertical mixing in Arctic winter inversions and temperature feedbacks. China’s 2018 Arctic Policy vows to address climate change in the Arctic and to protect its vulnerable environment, but details are missing. Letizia Diamante. As climate change, whether natural or anthropogenic, impacts the livelihoods of people across the globe, responses i.e. The WWF Arctic Programme Wildlife Arctic Climate Change Ocean Communities Oil and gas Shipping Governance. Health Minister among those concerned as NT Government cuts funding to parole rehab program, Olympic gold and a heavyweight belt? The United States, by virtue of Alaska, is an Arctic country and has substantial interests in the region. Report to Congress on Changes in the Arctic, Member Services call 800-233-8764 or 410-268-6110, VIDEO: Blue Angels Fly Legacy Hornets For Last Time. The United States is working with other countries regarding the management of Arctic fish stocks. What happens in the Arctic will affect us all and this exhibition is … Stories and interactives exploring our environment and seeking solutions to climate change. Whether DOD and the Coast Guard are devoting sufficient resources to the Arctic and taking sufficient actions for defending U.S. interests in the region has emerged as a topic of congressional oversight. The resulting rapid reduction in Arctic multi-year sea ice has had, and will continue to have, profound consequences for the peoples and communities of the Arctic. Climate change: Arctic sea ice reaches second record low . Now is the time to support your USNI News team by making a gift in support of our fact-based, non-partisan news you have come to trust and rely on. The seven other Arctic states are Canada, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark (by virtue of Greenland), and Russia. Changes in the Arctic could affect threatened and endangered species, and could result in migration of fish stocks to new waters. Large commercial fisheries exist in the Arctic. "Absolutely we're seeing climate change at work because the warm summers become warmer and the cold winters aren't as cold as they were," Mr Serreze said, noting there's been a downward trend over the last decade, with slight jumps up and down due to natural factors. The extent of ice-covered ocean at the North Pole, and extending further south to Alaska, Canada, Greenland and Russia, reached its summertime low of 3.7 million square kilometres last week before starting to grow again. By Lianne Kolirin, CNN. Climate change missing as US defends Arctic policy. Called SOLO 100, the project will see Mark Wood venturing alone and unaided across the remaining Arctic sea ice on Earth in order to get people talking about climate change.“Not everyone can see how we directly impact the planet; and what we don’t see, we tend to ignore. The Arctic is undergoing rapid and dramatic environmental and social transformations due to climate change. Soldier describes 'insane' experience of helping with Melbourne COVID-19 quarantine, Demand for property has reached fever pitch, latest ABS figures suggest, Cambodia has zero deaths from COVID-19. Pan-Arctic The Last Ice Area Barents Sea Beaufort, Bering & Chukchi Seas Canada Finland Greenland Norway Russia Sweden United States Outside the Arctic. But due to the climate emergency, warmer temperatures have meant dramatic changes to seasonal ice fluctuations, including when ice shows up, how much of it shows up and how long it hangs around for. Studies show that the warming of the Arctic and the melting of sea ice change weather further south by altering the jet stream and other waves that move weather systems. The current and future changes in the Arctic sea ice are being explored, both from changing atmospheric and oceanic conditions through Ice, Climate, Economics-Arctic Research on Change . In 2000, the USARC along with representatives from the National Ice Center, the Oceanographer of the Navy, the office of Naval Research, Measurements of Earth Data for Environmental Analysis (MEDEA) and the U.S. Coast Guard met to map out national and strategic issues surrounding Naval operations in an ice-free or ice … Changes to the Arctic brought about by warming temperatures will likely allow more exploration for oil, gas, and minerals. face the effects of climate change and support healthy ecosystems in the Arctic and North ensure that Canada and our northern and Arctic residents are safe, secure and well-defended restore Canada's place as an international Arctic leader advance reconciliation and improve relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples And its high in March after the winter Norway Russia Sweden United States is not a party UNCLOS... 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