... TOGAF is a framework and a set of supporting tools for developing an enterprise architecture. Int. and the perceived benefit of EAM. Second, on an empirical level, we have, cers (CIOs) in large American organisations. are crucial impact factors to the perceived benefit of EAM in enterprises. EA artefacts including models, roadmaps, standards and guidelines need to be approved by relevant IT and business sta-, keholders, sometimes as members of an architecture board (, communication skills are needed to provide understanding of complex models and transformation, consulting services is important in order to be e, Governance concerns specifying the decision rights and accountabilities of stakeholders and organisational structures associated, and to mitigate the risks associated with EA use (, enforce compliance with EA plans and principles, review and approval processes to ensure project conformance to EA content and, standards and mechanisms for tracking and negotiating required exceptions to the EA (, Use of EA Services in IT-driven Change concerns the extent to which EA services inform the identi, implementation of IT change opportunities, such as adding, removing or replacing IT components and the standardising of IT ap-, plications and infrastructure across the organisation (, and feasibility of the IT change opportunities to select viable IT change solutions, (3) implement the changes by renewing and, This construct is similar to the previous construct, but focuses on business-driven change. • Artificial Intelligence fosters the automation of business processes. • Decentralized architectures and trust mechanisms such as blockchains enable the extension of business processes to quickly integrate new process partners. For example high quality EA content and standards can remain, unused in contexts where EA services are not e, Second, we have developed and tested a research model that explains how EA brings bene, business-driven dynamic capabilities, enabled by EAS. Based on this study's outcomes, we contend that dynamic enterprise architecture capabilities positively enhance firms' process innovation and business-IT alignment. The approach is based on a profound literature research in order to build a new empirical research model. Thus, this chapter helps the reader to understand the various aspects of Enterprise Internet of Things after acquiring technical background of Internet of Things from the previous chapters. Hence, organizations resort to Enterprise Architecture (EA) to address this complexity and achieve their transformation goals. In: In: Proper, E., Lankhorst, M.M., Schönherr, M., Barjis, J., Overbeek, S. In May 2006, Gartner ratified a standard definition of EA. All items were grouped and related to speci. © 2016 by The Regents of the University of California. 2) Experience reports present work completed or being completed in the context of a real-life organization. Enterprise Architecture development is a methodological approach to design of mutually aligned business and IT architectures. Key Issue: What are the 10 best practices of enterprise architecture? Having well developed dynamic capabilities, particularly within a, ). Digital Enterprises are challenged to combine business and IT to gain from existing technological achievements. Based on literature, we build an empirical research model. Kim, G., Shin, B., Grover, V., 2010. This, ering relevant new products and services (, Bradley et al., 2012; Tallon and Pinsonneault, 2011, ). The research model's hypotheses are tested using a dataset that contains responses from 299 CIO's, IT managers, and lead architects. issue of an international journal. But what are the benefits of Enterprise Architecture? expand or reduce) the variety of products and services o. There are some big efforts, like discovering and naming the core underlying issues that are driving decisions in an organization, and setting … Besides the basements of current Tourism application, we investigate which scenarios are possible via data-centered platforms in Tourism and how this transformation can be done. Steering Committee • New modeling languages and notations They assessed the level of disagreement during the team's evaluations using Cohen's Kappa. By capturing all institutional pressures through which EA may become an inherent part of the organization's worklife, we empirically confirm their influence on EA assimilation and EA outcomes. Quarterly. Additional literature was identified and studied through the references section of the found papers. pp. Manage. 04 Apr 2019 - Camera ready version pdf [consultado 20 Jul 2011]. In the public sector, EA programs often set goals to increase the quality of public services, to improve the costefficiency, and to reduce the number of overlapping systems and processes ). The basis for governance activities will Indeed, the experiences of most end user companies and across the IT industry had shown that there is still a considerable challenge in this space - to devise a flexible approach to enterprise architecture modelling that caters for all of the different perspectives. We found many areas for future research on the use of Enterprise Architecture in Tourism. Various claims have been made regarding the benefits that Enterprise Architecture (EA) delivers for both individual systems development projects and the organization as a whole. Inf. 30. : Enterprise Architecture Management Tool, Schekkerman, J.: Extended Enterprise Architecture Maturity Model Support Guide (Version. 2. ISBN 978-989-758-029-1. The authors thank the reviewers. It is also a useful method when new measures are being, ). Consequentially, a mediation moderation model depicts the effect of DEAC on competitive performance, one mediator construct, process innovation and one moderator construct, organizational structure. cantly in EA initiatives. Syst. This research makes several contributions to the IT and IS management knowledge base. 1) BPMDS serves as a meeting place for researchers and practitioners in We focus on EA assimilation by studying the influence of institutional pressures that make EA part of the organization's worklife and thus contribute to EA's intended outcomes. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ The most substantial gaps are that the conceptualization of EA-based capabilities still lacks a firm base in theory and that there is limited empirical evidence on how EA-based capabilities drive business transformation and deliver benefits to the firm. countries taking a whole-of-government EA approach. Transformative BPMDS Furthermore, it is not the EA, important. Each of these organizational change processes leads to project benefits, resulting in organizational benefits. An Enterprise Architecture framework provides a collection of best practices, standards, tools, processes, and templates to assist in the creation of the Enterprise Architecture and architectures of various scopes. The mechanisms are divided into supportive and Structural equation modeling and regression: Guidelines for research practice. MIS Quart. Lastly, our results showcase the complementary effect of conducting a PLS-SEM and cluster analysis. Despite the popularity and potential of EA, both researchers and practitioners lament a lack of knowledge about the realization of benefits from EA. An additional goal is to disclose some ways to improve the situation. We used the software package SmartPLS, version 3.0. Models and Notations Springer, Lesley, S., Efrom, N., 2014. Use of EA Services in Business-driven, Change concerns the extent to which EA services inform the identi, opportunities, such as adding, removing or replacing business processes and standardising processes across the organisation, business change opportunities, (2) assess the value and feasibility of the business change opportunities to select viable business, change solutions, (3) implement the changes by renewing and recon. Improved decision-making, better project planning and coordination, more e. selection and improved business capabilities will increase Competitive Advantage and Organisational Value. 2016;Niemi and Pekkola 2016;Pattij et al. Some recent work has highlighted the importance, Frampton et al., 2015; Lange et al., 2016; Niemi and Pekkola, 2016; Tamm et al., 2015, ts are realised. 2010;Niemi and Pekkola 2016). working conference attached to CAiSE (Conference on Advanced Information 343-351. Bus. 3 October. : The architecture of complexity. By infusing EA with principles of the well-established Dynamic Capabilities View, a new concept called Dynamic Enterprise Architecture Capabilities (DEAC) can be established. 9 (1), 21, Tallon, P.P., Kraemer, K.L., 2007. First, we have developed a new and comprehensive conceptualisation for EA, Service Capability. In each of these scenarios, business architecture is sponsored by business leaders. Strong dynamic capabilities are necessary for fostering the organizational agility necessary to address deep uncertainty, such as that generated by innovation and the associated dynamic competition. Information Technology Architecture and Solutions Context In 2014, Griffith University embarked on a new approach to enterprise architecture. Capturing value from Knowledge Assets: the new economy, markets for know-how and intangible assets. Common method biases in behvioral research: a critical review of the literature and recommended, c Research in Information Systems: A Beginner, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10257-013-0213-4, ction? Gartner, 2016. Full papers with up to 15 pages long or short papers with up to 8 pages can be submitted to these categories. It is going to be foundation for understanding the Architecture and Design of Enterprise IoT in the next chapters. Manage. J. ndings and contributions to research and practice, and conclude with a discussion about directions for future research. The work should have some practical goal, pure research purpose does not fall in the category "Experience report". Boh, W.F., Yellin, D., 2007. This involves conducting an unrotated factor analysis in SPSS and analysing the, rst factor from the analysis explained 37.71% of the total variance. 3) Idea papers related to the focus theme “Transformative BPMDS” should address completely new research positions or approaches, demonstrating the shortcomings of current methods, tools, meta-models, etc. (Eds. Our study contributes to the nascent discourse on enterprise architecture management (EAM) benefits by proposing a theory-led, empirically validated model to explain how EAM benefits unfold. 36 (3), 981, Hair, J.F., Ringle, C.M., Sarstedt, M., 2013. systems science. ectiveness of enterprise architecture principles. Springer Science & Business Media (2001). Measure and assess the value of using EA in IT change. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Enterprise Architecture: A Business Value Realization Model, The Effect of Enterprise Architecture Deployment Practices on Organizational Benefits: A Dynamic Capability Perspective, Improving Agility Through Enterprise Architecture Management: The Mediating Role of Aligning Business and IT, Dynamic enterprise architecture capabilities and organizational benefits: an empirical mediation study, Enterprise Architecture Implementation Is a Bumpy Ride: A Case Study in the Norwegian Public Sector, The impact of Dynamic Enterprise Architecture Capabilities on Competitive Performance, Enterprise Architecture in Healthcare Systems: A systematic literature review, Roles and Capabilities of Enterprise Architecture in Big Data Analytics Technology Adoption and Implementation, Enterprise Architecture Planning for Balikpapan Environmental Services Using TOGAF ADM, The State-of-the-Art of Enterprise Architecture Its Definitions, Contexts, Frameworks, Benefits, and Challenges: A Systematic Mapping of Literature, The role of IT application orchestration capability in improving agility and performance, Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error, Measurement of business economic performance: An examination of method convergence, An update and extension to SEM guidelines for administrative and social science research, Shaping agility through digital options: Reconceptualizing the role of information technology in contemporary firms, A Framework for Information Systems Architecture, A Primer on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM), Dynamic Capabilities and Organizational Agility: Risk, Uncertainty, and Strategy in the Innovation Economy, I'm not currently working due to ill health, An organizational change framework for digital servitization: Evidence from the Veneto region, How Enterprise Architecture Creates Business Value: A Theoretical Model, Understanding the Benefits and Success Factors of Enterprise Architecture, Enterprise Architecture Assimilation: An Institutional Perspective. However, demonstrating the business value of EA has proven elusive. Enterprise architecture helps businesses going through digital transformation, since EA focuses on bringing both legacy applications and processes together in an attempt to form a seamless environment. In addition, clear de, survey. Enterprise architecture aims at creating a model to explain how a business can achieve and meet its present and future goals. It demonstrates that it is first essential to understand deep uncertainty, which is ubiquitous in the innovation economy. ), Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Trends in, Enterprise Architecture Research Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 2.1 Enterprise Architecture and Its Use EA is ‘‘the definition and representation of a high-level view of an enterprise‘s business processes and IT systems, their interrelationships, and the extent to which these processes and systems are shared by different parts of the enterprise’’ (Tamm et al. Formal architectural governance mechanisms are important for legitimacy and enforced use. Many of the benefits of EA are intangible and value is achieved indirectly within business change projects. Data Screening, Gaskination, Gefen, D., Straub, D., Boudreau, M.C., 2000. Systems Science in Retrospect and Prospect. Our results indicate that EAM enhances organizational agility. 31, Plessius, H., Steenbergeb, M. van and Slot, R., 2014. Therefore, the alignment of IT and strategy and digitization is of crucial importance to enterprises in Tourism. Strategic alignment focuses on the activities that management performs to achieve cohesive goals across the IT (Information Technology) and other functional organizations (e.g., finance, marketing, H/R, R&D, manufacturing). Enterprise architecture management and its role in corporate strategic management. Most offerings in tourism are immaterial in nature and challenging in coordination. However, there are some more influencing factors due to the digital transformation that were not taken into consideration yet. We ensure a high level of stakeholder participation in establishing EA content and, Target EA plans are approved by all relevant stakeholders (eg. Enterprise architecture forces a decision based on outcomes. The various components of Enterprise IoT are discussed in the next section where everything involved in an Enterprise IoT application from the physical layer level devices to the higher-level applications and solutions. It is not su, professionals with knowledge of the organisation, skills is crucial to getting value from EA. Note that the topic theme “Transformative BPMDS” is suggested to make this year’s edition of BPMDS a special forum for this theme, however, it is mandatory for “idea paper” submissions only. Communications of the association for Information Sy, International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management. Organizational agility fosters sustainable competitive advantage under these turbulent conditions. 36 (1), iii, Ross, J., Weill, P., Robertson, D., 2006. Journal of Management Information Systems. In [5] three areas of, architecture and business models is investigated in [75]. EA is also viewed as a prerequisite for the digitalisation of the public sector. Our results confirm the importance of organizational capabilities and strong firm commitment to the development of integrated solutions. McKinsey (2014). We conducted survey research and collected a sample of 110 respondents. 17 (1), 99, Bernard, S.A., 2012. Hawaii, IEEE Computer Society. This is important, as EA is often perceived as an artefact while it also has process, ). The findings suggest that enterprise architecture was used in different ways at the various stages of adoption and implementation, requiring different roles and a different set of capabilities. IV.II. We tested for a statistical interaction between EA Service Capability and, We conceptualised IT-driven and Business-driven Chan. Based on this dataset, we performed a PLS-SEM and cluster analysis to test our model and associated hypotheses. Long Range, Hair, J.F., Hult, G.T.F., Ringle, C.M., Sarstedt, M., 2014. California Manage. Does the organization limp along within the confines of the existing architecture, or does the organization make a strategic decision to be better? 8.1. Enterprise architecture means architecting the enterprise to enable change. About BPMDS 3) Each event has a theme that is mandatory for idea ), (How important is EAM to manage the IT landscape, (How important is EAM knowledge of IT employees? • Benefits of client/server architectures – Code is re-usable • When properly designed, the same code may be used in many different instances ... – The design of the architecture is based on state-of-the-art yet proven concepts and built using best of breed products. An introduction to cy. Enterprise Architecture frameworks typically include: • Common vocabulary, models, and taxonomy related work, influencing factors on the perceived benefit of Enterprise Architecture Ma, approach and multivariate data analysis based on a struct, The paper proceeds as follows. In [12], two questions are discussed: first h, question did not take place so far. The present research paper investigates additionally decision mechanisms in the context of multi-perspective explorations of enterprise services and Internet of Things architectures by extending original enterprise architecture reference models with state of art elements for architectural engineering and digitization. When an Enterprise decides to go for an Enterprise IoT solution, there are several important strategical decisions they must take. Banker, R.D., Datar, S.M., Kemerer, C.F., Zw, Samoilenko, S., Osei-Bryson, K.M. Abstracts due: 23 February 2019 A, An important managerial implication of this study is that for EA to bring bene, capability must be developed. While EA Service Capability is about providing valuable advice based on knowledge sharing and, trusting relationships, EA Governance is about encouraging and enforcing compliance, approaches complement each other and both are necessary to ensure that EA services are used. According to our SEM analysis (path coefficient: +, there is no need to calculate metrics like Cronbachs, Enterprise Architecture Management has been, Enterprise Architecture Management is described and challenges for it ar, of Enterprise Architecture Management in the financial industry are investigated in the, sharing and the integration of IT resources is investigated in, Digitization and enterprise architecture is the theme of the following papers. Both ways of, identifying change opportunities will lead to both IT and business bene, The EA service capability needs to be positioned within organisations so that it has the opportunity to advise, well as business-driven initiatives. This article explores the mechanisms by which managers may calibrate the required level of organizational agility, deliver it cost effectively, and relate it to strategy. For example, EA, ned as the extent to which a common EA understanding has been established amongst EA, ) and is implicit in both Use of EA Services in IT Change and Use of EA Services in Business Change. Teece, D.J., Peteraf, M., Leih, S., 2016. Besides, this work brings the main publication channels and the most influential authors on the topic of EA in Healthcare systems. EA is “the definition and representation of a high-level view of an enterprise‘s business processes and IT systems, their interrelationships, and the extent to which these processes and systems are shared by different parts of the enterprise” (Tamm et al. Results of our Research model and empirical data via SEM, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Rainer Schmidt, All content in this area was uploaded by Rainer Schmidt on Sep 09, 2015. 4. Marite Kirikova, Agnes Koschmider, Marcello La Rosa, Jan Mendling, A Study of available project documentation in-house of the primary author of the paper. Bradley et al., 2012; Tallon and Pinsonneault, has several dimensions including higher return on investment than competitors (, for both customers and employees can also result from EA services (, ). Duale Hochschule Baden-Württemberg Heidenheim, Determinants to Benefit from Enterprise Architecture Management – A Research Model: BIS 2018 International Workshops, Berlin, Germany, July 18–20, 2018, Revised Papers, A Resource-Based Perspective of Value Generation through Enterprise Architecture Management, The Long and Winding Road of Enterprise Architecture Implementation in the Finnish Public Sector, Key Issues in Enterprise Architecture Adoption in the Public Sector, Multi-perspective Digitization Architecture for the Internet of Things, Digital Transformation: A Literature Review and Guidelines for Future Research, Enterprise and Organizational Modeling and Simulation: 13th International Workshop, EOMAS 2017, Held at CAiSE 2017, Essen, Germany, June 12-13, 2017, Selected Papers, An Enterprise Architecture-Based Approach to the IT-Business Alignment: An Integration of SAM and TOGAF Framework, Digital Enterprise Architecture Management in Tourism – State of the Art and Future Directions, Data-Centered Platforms in Tourism: Advantages and Challenges for Digital Enterprise Architecture, Partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) techniques using SmartPLS, The Partial Least Squares Approach to Structural Equation Modeling, Communication of Enterprise Architectures, Assessing Business-IT Allignment Maturity, Enterprise Architecture Management Patterns -- Exemplifying the Approach, Challenges to Qualitative Researchers in Information Systems, Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error, HICSS Social Information Systems Minitrack, BUSINESS PROCESS MODELING, DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT (BPMDS), AI- and Analytics-based Capabilities in Enterprise Architecture. Practitioners can utilize the EABF for establishing the business case for EA based on scientifically grounded reasoning, for charting both as-is and to-be situations concerning the effects … Perceived bene. process encompass both services architecture and the deployment of a services platform. Unfortunately, the business architect… EA Service Capability has a positive impact on the Use of EA Services in IT-Driven Change. The role of organizational culture from grounding, management, guidance and, Amit, R., Schoemaker, P., 1993. 1. presentations. This perspective is important as it highlights that the key role of EA Service Capability is to, other organisational processes that, in turn, create Organisational Bene, ). This is particularly the case with demonstrating, relating to EA may take years to emerge (, Singh et al., 2014; De Vries and Van Rensburg, 2008. Enterprise Architecture (EA) is the planning function between strategy formulation and implementation. study as we aim to explain how EA is used in strategic organisational change projects to bring value to organisations. reflected by the success of the past BPMDS events, and their promotion Therefore, this paper aims at indicating the increased capabilities of Enterprise Architecture Analytics and Decision Support through, The advance of information technology impacts Tourism more than many other industries, due to the service character of its products. 2011).This … (2012). • Social Information Systems support paradigms such as weak ties, social production, and egalitarian decisions. The, impact of EA Service Capability was much greater than the impact of EA Governance. Harvard Business School Press, Sambamurthy, V., Bharadwaj, A., Grover, V., 2003. Subject Index. Both lead to Project Bene, both within IT-driven change projects and business-driven change projects. convergent and discriminant validity. However, previous studies have found that perceived organisational performance is strongly correlated with objective, ). EA Governance aims to ensure that the use of EA will lead to organisational, ). developed for researching organisational change and acknowledges the A theory building study of enterprise architecture practices and bene, Foorthuis, R., Steenbergen, M. Van, Mushkudiani, N., Bruls, W., Brinkkemper, S., Bos, R., 2010.
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